TOEIC英・英単語 C-2

challenge /ʧæ'linʤ/ n. difficult situation; something which tests one's ability to handle difficult tasks
challenge /ʧæ'linʤ/ v. to dare; to invite to engage in a contest; to stimulate; to test one's ability
change /ʧéinʤ/ n. replacement; alteration; shift; coins; money received back after paying for goods
change /ʧéinʤ/ v. to alter; to replace; to become different
changeable /ʧéinʤəbl/ adj. arbitrary; fickle; flexible
chaos /kéiɑs/ n. any condition of which the elements or parts are in utter disorder and confusion
chapter /ʧæ'ptər/ n. part of a book; phase; stage; local branch of an organization
character /kæ'riktər/ n. nature; disposition; attitude; figure; person; statement of qualities
characteristic /kæ`riktərístik/ adj. typical; distinctive
characteristic /kæ`riktərístik/ n. trait; feature; ability; distinguishing quality; attribute
characterize /kæ'riktəràiz/ v. to describe; to depict; to portray; to outline
charge /ʧɑ':rʤ/ n. an expense or a cost
charge /ʧɑ':rʤ/ v. to demand payment
chart /ʧɑ':rt/ n. graph; diagram
chart /ʧɑ':rt/ v. to make a graph; to draw; to diagram
cheap /ʧí:p/ adj. opposite of expensive; inexpensive
cheap /ʧí:p/ adv. inexpensively
check /ʧék/ n. examination; money order; payment order; restaurant bill
check /ʧék/ v. to examine; to investigate; to inspect; to scrutinize
check in v. to register at a hotel; to report one's presence
checkout /ʧékaut/ n. the act, time, or place of checking out, as at a hotel or a supermarket
chef /ʃéf/ n. professional cook; head cook in a restaurant of hotel
cheque /ʧék/ n. written order directing a bank to pay a specific amount of money
choice /ʧɔ'is/ adj. select; fine; excellent
choice /ʧɔ'is/ n. option; selection; variety
choose /ʧú:z/ v. to select one thing over another
chop /ʧɑ'p/ n. seal; trademark
chop /ʧɑ'p/ v. to cut; to cut down; to cut into pieces; to mince
chore /ʧɔ':r/ n. routine job; unpleasant task
cipher /sáifər/ v. to calculate arithmetically. (also a noun meaning zero or nothing)
circle /sə':rkl/ n. ring-shaped geometric figure; round figure; group; society
circle /sə':rkl/ v. to surround
circulate /sə':rkjulèit/ v. to disseminate
circumspect /sə':rkəmspèkt/ adj. careful; cautious
circumstance /sə':rkəmstæ`ns/ n. a condition; a situation
circumstance /sə':rkəmstæ`ns/ v. to place in particular situations
circumvent /sè:rkəmvént/ v. to by-pass; to side-step; to evade
citation /saitéiʃən/ n. quotation; official praise; summons to a court of law
cite /sáit/ v. to refer to specifically
citizen /sítəz(ə)n/ n. resident; native of a country
citizenship /sítiz(ə)nʃip/ n. right to live in a country; condition of being a member of a country
city /síti/ n. town; large urban area
civic /sívik/ adj. pertaining to a city; pertaining to citizenship
claim /kléim/ n. lawsuit; request; right
claim /kléim/ v. to take as rightful; to retrieve
clarify /klæ'rəfài/ v. to make clear; to explain
classify /klæ'səfài/ v. to arrange systematically; to structure; to group; to sort; to make confidential
clause /klɔ':z/ n. paragraph; section in a document; part of a contract
clear /klíər/ adj. pure; obvious; easy to understand; comprehensible
clear /klíər/ n. deletion; act of unmarking; removal of a mark from a check box (Computers)
clear /klíər/ v. to clarify; to explain; to approve
clearance /klí(ə)rəns/ n. release; approval; washing
clearly /klíərli/ adv. obviously; apparently; unmistakably
clerk /klə':rk/ n. minor office worker; book-keeper; bureaucrat
clerk /klə':rk/ v. to work as an employee (i.e. in the legal or bank business)
client /kláiənt/ n. a customer
climate /kláimit/ n. weather conditions; surrounding conditions; atmosphere; setting
climb /kláim/ n. ascent
climb /kláim/ v. to ascend; to up; to slope upward; to move upward gradually
clip /klíp/ n. clamp; fastener; shred; segment of video
clip /klíp/ v. to cut off; to curtail; to trim off
clipping /klípiŋ/ n. article cut from a newspaper
clock /klɑ'k/ n. timepiece; device for telling time
clock /klɑ'k/ v. to measure time; to register on a time piece
close /klóus/ adj. near; adjacent; careful
close /klóus/ adv. nearby
close /klóuz/ n. end; conclusion; plug
close /klóuz/ v. to shut; to be shut; to finish; to complete
clout /kláut/ n. pull; influence; power; weight
clumsy /klʌ'mzi/ adj. awkward of movement
coach /kóuʧ/ n. trainer; tutor; teacher; bus
coach /kóuʧ/ v. to train; to teach; to instruct; to guide; to counsel
coal /kóul/ n. fuel made from carbon; cinder; ember
coalition /kòuəlíʃən/ n. alliance; union; agreement
code /kóud/ n. rules of behavior
code /kóud/ v. to cipher
cognition /kɑgníʃən/ n. awareness; perception
coherent /kouhí(ə)rənt/ adj. sticking together; consistent
cohesive /kouhí:siv/ adj. sticking together; forming a unit or union; united; related to each other
coin /kɔ'in/ n. metal money; piece of stamped metal currency (as opposed to paper bills)
coin /kɔ'in/ v. to mint; to invent a new word or phrase
coincide /kòuinsáid/ v. to correspond
coincidence /kouínsid(ə)ns/ n. chance occurrence; unforeseen event
coincident /kouínsid(ə)nt / adj. taking place at the same time.
collaborate /kəlæ'bərèit/ v. to work together; to cooperate
collaboration /kəlæ`bəréiʃən/ n. working together; cooperation
collapse /kəlæ'ps/ v. to cause to shrink, fall in, or fail
collate /kəléit/ v. to compare in a critical manner; to verify; to collect; to compile
collateral /kəlæ'tərəl/ adj. of secondary importance; insignificant; corresponding
collateral /kəlæ'tərəl/ n. security deposit
colleague /kɑ'li:g/ n. fellow worker; cowoker
collect /kəlékt/ adj. having the receiver pay the charges (for a phone call)
collect /kəlékt/ v. to gather; to garner; to assemble; to accumulate; to take payments
collectible /kəléktəbl/ adj. payable; subject to or requiring payment especially as specified
collectible /kəléktəbl/ n. rare object
collection /kəlékʃən/ n. selection; choice; assortment; accumulation
college /kɑ'liʤ/ n. institution of higher education that grants degrees; type of school; council
collide /kəláid/ v. to crash; to meet head on; to come together with solid or direct impact
collision /kəlíʒən/ n. violent contact
colloquial /kəlóukwiəl/ adj. conversational; not used in formal speaking or writing; informal

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