TOEIC英・英単語 R-1

R&D abbr. department in a company that develops new products
radical /ræ'dikəl/ n. one who holds extreme views or advocates extreme measures
railroad /réilroud/ n. path for a train made of parallel metal tracks
railroad /réilroud/ v. to transport via locomotive; to convey by train
raise /réiz/ n. an increase in salary
raise /réiz/ v. to elevate; to lift; to excite; to arouse; to cause
ranches /rænʧiz/ n. farm with large pasture land for raising livestock
random /ræ'ndəm/ adj. having no specific pattern, purpose, or objective
randomly /ræ'ndəmli/ adv. accidentally; by chance
range /réinʤ/ n. the scope
range /réinʤ/ v. to determine the scope of a target; to extend; to stretch; to vary
rank /ræ'ŋk/ adj. giving off a foul odor; fertile; productive; fruitful; growing vigorously
rank /ræ'ŋk/ v. to arrange in a line; to grade; to classify
rapid /ræ'pid/ adj. having great speed
rapidly /ræ'pidli/ adv. quickly; fast; swiftly
rarely /réərli/ adv. infrequently; not often; seldom
rate /réit/ n. price; cost; speed; pace; tax
rate /réit/ v. to assess; to appraise; to determine value; to grade; to classify; to sort
rather /ræ'ðər/ adv. very quite; to a degree; somewhat; slightly; a bit; might as well
rational /ræ'ʃənl/ adj. logical; reasonable; intelligent; prudent; expressible as a whole number (Mathematics)
reach /rí:ʧ/ n. distance that an arm can extend
reach /rí:ʧ/ v. to arrive; to obtain; to procure; to extend the arm outward
reaction /riæ'kʃən/ n. tendency towards a former, or opposite state of things, as after reform, revolution, or inflation
readership /rí:dərʃip/ n. total number of people who subscribe to a particular publication
readily /réd(ə)li/ adv. without objection or reluctance
readiness /rédinis/ n. preparedness; willingness; promptness; quickness
ready /rédi/ adj. prepared; set; eager; willing; quick; fast
realistic /rì:əlístik/ adj. tending to or expressing an awareness of things as they really are
realization /rì:əlizéiʃən/ n. accomplishment; fulfillment
realize /rí:əlàiz/ v. to understand; to comprehend; to accomplish; to convert into cash; to liquidate
rear /ríər/ adj. back; hind
rear /ríər/ n. back end; hindmost unit of an army (or fleet, etc.)
rearrange /rì:əréinʤ/ v. to arrange again or in a different order
reason /rí:zn/ n. cause; basis for action; intelligence; sense
reason /rí:zn/ v. to think; to consider logically; to argue; to claim
reasonable /rí:z(ə)nəbl/ adj. rational; logical; intelligent; wise; plausible; likely; credible
reassure /rì:əʃúr/ v. to give new confidence
rebound /ribáund/ n. backlash
rebound /ribáund/ v. to spring back
rebuild /rì:bíld/ v. to reconstruct; to erect again
recant /rikæ'nt/ v. to give up; to renounce; to deny; to disavow; to retract
recap /rí:kæ`p/ v. to summarize; to review with a short summary
recede /rì:sí:d/ v. to move back or away
receipt /risí:t/ n. bill of sale; written statement of purchases
receipt /risí:t/ v. to write a statement of purchases; to make a bill of sale
receive /risí:v/ v. to get; to accept; to absorb; to take in; to host; to accommodate
recent /rí:snt/ adj. new; fresh; late; of late times
reception /risépʃən/ n. acceptance; event in which guests are formally welcomed by their host; check-in
receptionist /risépʃ(ə)nist/ n. person who greets visitors or clients on the telephone and upon their arrival
recession /rì:séʃən/ n. a significant decline in general economic activity extending over a period of time
recipient /risípiənt/ n. person who accepts; person who takes or gets
reckless /réklis/ adj. foolishly headless of danger
reclaim /rikléim/ v. to demand the return of property; to repossess
recline /rikláin/ v. to cause to assume a leaning or recumbent attitude or position
recognition /rèkəgníʃən/ n. acknowledgment; identification
recognizable /rékəgnàizəbl/ adj. identifiable; determinable; able to be distinguished
recognize /rékəgnàiz/ v. to identify; to acknowledge; to know; to admit
recollect /rèkəlékt/ v. to recall the knowledge of
recommend /rèkəménd/ v. to present as worthy; to endorse
recommendation /rèkəmendéiʃən/ n. endorsement; approval; letter of reference; suggestion; advice
reconcile /rékənsàil/ v. to make consistent
reconsider /rì:k(ə)nsídər/ v. to contemplate again
record /rékərd/ adj. comprising the best result ever attained
record /rékərd/ n. a official copy of documents
record /rékərd/ v. to set down in writing
recover /rikʌ'vər/ v. to get well; to get back; to regain; to obtain again
recovery /rikʌ'vəri/ n. recuperation; getting well; return
recruit /rikrú:t/ n. new member of a group; new employee
recruit /rikrú:t/ v. to attract people to join an organization or a cause
recruitment /rikrú:tmənt/ n. act of enlisting or drafting new members
rectangle /réktæ`ŋgl/ n. parallelogram
rectify /réktəfài/ v. to set right or correct
recur /rikə':r/ v. to occur again or repeatedly
recurrent /rikə':rənt/ adj. returning from time to time, especially at regular or stated intervals
reduce /rid(j)ú:s/ v. to lessen; to diminish; to decrease
reduction /ridʌ'kʃən/ n. a lessening; a decrease
redundant /ridʌ'ndənt/ adj. constituting an excess
refer /rifə':r/ v. to direct for treatment or information; to mention
referee /rèfərí:/ n. an umpire
reference /réf(ə)rəns/ n. comment; remark; ascription; mention; regard
reference /réf(ə)rəns/ v. to add a footnote; to place a note that directs readers to another source of information (in a book, journal)
reflect /riflékt/ v. to give back a likeness
reflection /riflékʃən/ n. act of casting back a mirror image; act of sending back energy from a surface; idea; concept
reform /rifɔ':rm/ n. change for the better
refund /rifʌ'nd/ n. the amount paid back
refund /rifʌ'nd/ v. to give back
refurbish /rì:fə':rbiʃ/ v. to make new again; to renovate; to restore to good condition
refusal /rifjú:z(ə)l/ n. denial; rejection
refuse /réfju:s/ n. garbage; trash; waste
refuse /réfju:s/ v. to decline; to deny; to reject
regard /rigɑ':rd/ n. esteem; respect; thought; consideration; look; glance
regard /rigɑ':rd/ v. to look at; to concern; to relate to; to esteem; to appreciate; to consider
regarding /rigɑ':rdiŋ/ prep. with relation to
regardless /rigɑ':rdlis/ adj. inattentive; unmindful
regardless /rigɑ':rdlis/ adv. in spite of
region /rí:ʤən/ n. area; territory; domain; field; area of activity or interest; sphere
register /réʤistər/ v. to record
registered /réʤistərd/ adj. recorded and tracked
registering /réʤist(ə)riŋ/ n. list; record; regulator; gauge
registering /réʤist(ə)riŋ/ v. to record; to enroll; to have an effect; to have influence

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