TOEIC英・英単語 S-19

superficial/sù:pərfíʃəl/
adj1. If someone is superficial, they never think about things that are serious or important.
adj2. not complete and involving only the most obvious things
adj3. only on the surface of something

superintendent/sù:p(ə)rinténdənt/
n1. in the US, someone whose job is to take care of an apartment building
n2. in the UK, a police officer of high rank

superior/səpí(ə)riər/
adj. better than other things

superiority/səpì(ə)riɔ':rəti/
n. the quality of being better than other things

supervise/sú:pərvàiz/
v. to watch a person or activity and make certain that everything is done correctly, safely, etc.

supervision/sù:pərvíʒən/
n. the act of watching a person or activity to make certain that everything is done correctly or safely

supervisor/sú:pərvàizər/
n. someone who supervises

supervisory/sù:pərváizəri/
adj. relating to the work of making sure that workers and companies are obeying rules, doing their work correctly and safely, etc.

supplement/sʌ'pləmənt/
v. to add something to something to make it larger or better
v1. something that is added to something else in order to improve it or complete it; something extra
v2. a part of a magazine or newspaper, either produced separately or as part of the magazine or newspaper

supplementary/sʌ`pləméntəri/
adj. added to something else in order to improve it or complete it

supplier/səpláiər/
n. a person, company, or country that provides goods of a particular kind

supply/səplái/
n. an amount of something that is ready to be used
v. to give things that people want or need, often over a long period of time

support/səpɔ':rt/
n1. help or encouragement given to someone when they are having problems
n2. the money someone needs in order to buy food and clothes, and pay for somewhere to live
n3. agreement with an idea, group, or person
v1. to help someone, often when they are having problems
v2. to take care of someone by paying for their food, clothes, etc.
v3. to agree with an idea, group, or person
v4. to hold the weight of someone or something
v5. to give encouragement or money to someone or something because you want them to succeed

supportive/səpɔ':rtive/
adj1. giving encouragement and approval
adj2. actively giving help to someone who needs it

suppose/səpóuz/
conj. used at the beginning of a sentence or clause to mean 'what would happen if'
v. to think that something is probably true

supreme/səprí:m/
adj1. having the highest rank, level, or importance
adj2. very great, or the best

surcharge/sə':rʧɑ`:rʤ/
n. a charge in addition to the usual amount paid for something, or the amount already paid
v. to charge an extra amount

sure/ʃúər/
adj1. certain
adj2. [be ~ of something] to be confident that something is true
adj3. [be ~ of yourself] to be confident of your own abilities, qualities, etc.
adv. used to show agreement

surface/sə':rfis/
n1. the top or outside part of something
n2. what someone or something seems to be like when you do not know much about them

surface mail
the service in which letters, packages, etc., are sent by road, ship, or train, rather than by plane, or mail that is sent in this way

surge/sə':rʤ/
n. a sudden large increase
v. to increase suddenly and by a large amount

surgeon/sə':rʤən/
n. a doctor who cuts people’s bodies and removes or repairs part of them

surgery/sə':rʤəri/
n. medical treatment in which a doctor cuts your body open and repairs or removes something

surname/sə':rnèim/
n. the name that you and people in your family all have

surpass/sərpæ's/
v. to do or be better or greater than something

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