TOEIC英・英単語 L-1

labor /léibər/ n. strenuous physical or mental work; toil; exertion
labor /léibər/ v. to work; to toil; to exert oneself; to work hard
laborious /ləbɔ':riəs/ adj. toilsome
lack /læ'k/ n. need; want; shortage; absence
lack /læ'k/ v. to be short of; to be without; to be missing; to need; to want
ladle /léidl/ n. a cup-shaped vessel with a long handle, intended for dipping up and pouring liquids
landlord /læ'ndlɔ`:rd / n. a man who owns and lets a tenement or tenements.
landmark /læ'n(d)mɑ:rk/ n. a familiar object in the landscape serving as a guide to an area otherwise easily lost track of
landscape /læ'ndskèip/ n. view; scenery; horizontal page orientation
landscaper /læ'ndskèipər/ n. person who designs gardens or large areas
language /læ'ŋgwiʤ/ n. spoken or written words with which people communicate thoughts and feelings
large /lɑ':rʤ/ adj. big; enormous; wide; spacious; famous
last /læ'st/ adj. coming after all others; most recent; final; newest
last /læ'st/ adv. after all others; finally; at the end; most recently
last /læ'st/ n. end; conclusion; final appearance; power of endurance; vitality; unit of weight
last /læ'st/ v. to continue; to suffice; to endure; to persist
lasting /læ'stiŋ/ adj. continuing; enduring; remaining for a long time; durable
lasting /læ'stiŋ/ n. strong durable fabric; persistence
late /léit/ adj. coming or occurring after the usual or expected time; tardy; slow; delayed
late /léit/ adv. after the usual or expected time; tardily; recently; far on time; formerly
latent /léitnt/ adj. dormant
launch /lɔ':nʧ/ n. act of sending out; act of starting or initiating; commencement; inauguration
launch /lɔ':nʧ/ v. to start; to run; to activate; to inaugurate; to break into
law /lɔ':/ n. rule enacted by a community or country; custom; principle; convention
lawmaker /lɑ':mèikər/ n. a legislator
lawsuit /lɑ':su:t/ n. case in a court of law brought by one party against another; legal claim
lawyer /lɔ':jər/ n. person who represents people in a court or advises them on legal matters; attorney; barrister
lay off v. to postpone; to dismiss from a job; to fire
layer /léiər/ n. thickness of some material that covers a surface; covering; bed; stratum
layman /léimən/ n. unexperienced person
layout /leíaùt/ n. a format; the organization of material on a page
lb abbr. pound; unit of weight in ancient Rome equaling approximately 12 ounces
lead /lí:d/ adj. most important; main; first; opening; beginning
lead /lí:d/ n. guidance; advance position; first place; guide
lead /lí:d/ v. to conduct; to guide; to direct; to influence
lead time n. the time between the initial stage of a project and the appearance of results
leader /lí:dər/ n. head; chief; director; carrier; main article
leaflet /lí:flit/ n. sheet of paper on which information has been printed; flyer
leakage /lí:kiʤ/ n. something which escapes or passes through a hole or opening (i.e. liquid, gas, etc.)
lease /lí:s/ n. a contract to pay to use property for an amount of time
lease /lí:s/ v. to make a contract to use property
least /lí:st/ adj. smallest in size; smallest in amount; lowest in importance
least /lí:st/ adv. to the smallest extent possible
least /lí:st/ n. something which is smallest in size or importance
leather /léðər/ n. tanned and preserved animal skin; item made of animal skin
leave /lí:v/ n. vacation; time off; permission to be absent; departure; farewell
leave /lí:v/ v. to depart; to exit; to quit; to omit; to let alone
lecture /lékʧər/ n. discourse given before an audience; tedious reprimand; formal reproof
lecture /lékʧər/ v. to deliver a discourse before an audience; to reprimand tediously
legacy /légəsi/ n. inheritance; bequest; something handed down from one's ancestors
legal /lí:gəl/ adj. of or pertaining to the law; allowed by law
legalize /lí:gəlàiz/ v. to give the authority of law to
legitimate /liʤítəmət/ adj. lawful; acceptable; justified; authorized
legitimate /liʤítəmət/ v. to make valid; to make lawful; to justify; to make permissible
leisure /lí:ʒər/ n. freedom from time-consuming duties; free time
lend /lénd/ v. to give on a temporary basis; to give money as a loan; to donate
lengthy /léŋ(k)θi/ adj. long in time, duration, or distance
lesson /lésn/ n. exercise; assignment given to a student; something to be studied and learned
lesson /lésn/ v. to instruct; to teach; to scold; to reprove; to rebuke
letter /létər/ n. character which is part of an alphabet; written communication sent to a person or organization
letterhead /létəhed/ n. line printed at the top of a piece of stationary
level /lévəl/ adj. straight; equal; even; honest
level /lévəl/ n. a relative position or rank on a scale
level /lévəl/ v. to straighten; to flatten; to make even; to equalize
lever /lévər/ n. a simple machine that gives a mechanical advantage when given a fulcrum
leverage /lévəriʤ/ n. influence; ability to affect or alter people or circumstance
leverage /lévəriʤ/ v. to use one's influence to affect people or circumstances
levy /lévi/ n. a charge imposed and collected
levy /lévi/ v. to impose a tax or fine; to conscript troops
liability /làiəbíləti/ n. an obligation; a responsibility
liable /láiəbl/ adj. under legal obligation; responsible; prone
liberal /líbər(ə)l/ adj. in favor of reform; supporting a progressive philosophy; tolerant; open-minded
liberal /líbər(ə)l/ n. person who favors political and social reform
library /láibrèri/ n. place where one can borrow books
license /láisəns/ n. the legal permission to do or own a specified thing
license /láisəns/ v. to grant a permit; to authorize; to permit; to allow
lifestyle /láifstail/ n. way of life
lifetime /láiftaim/ n. the time that life continues
likelihood /láiklihùd/ n. probability; chance; feasibility; possibility
likely /láikli/ adj. reasonable; probable; possible; appropriate; promising
likely /láikli/ adv. seemingly; probably
limit /límit/ n. the point beyond which something cannot proceed
limit /límit/ v. to create boundaries; to restrict; to reduce; to function as a border
limited /límitid/ adj. confined within a boundary; restricted; narrow; mediocre
line /láin/ n. long thin mark; row; border; domain; tactic
line /láin/ v. to place in a row; to cover the inside of; to pad
link /líŋk/ n. an association; a relationship
link /líŋk/ v. to join; to connect; to associate with; to relate to
liquefy /líkwəfài/ v. to convert into a liquid or into liquid form
liquidate /líkwidèit / v. to deliver the amount or value of.
liquor /líkər/ n. any alcoholic or intoxicating liquid
list /líst/ n. roll; roster; inventory; strip; band
list /líst/ v. to make a list
literacy /lítərəsi/ n. the state or condition of knowing how to read and write
literal /lítərəl/ adj. following the exact words
literature /lít(ə)rəʧər/ n. the written or printed productions of the human mind collectively
litter /lítər/ n. refuse; trash; disorder
litter /lítər/ v. to toss or dump garbage in an unauthorized place; to scatter objects in disorder
livelihood /láivlihùd / n. means of subsistence.
load /lóud/ n. something carried; cargo; burden; unit of measure or weight; capacity

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