TOEIC英・英単語 S-11

sovereign/sɑ':vərən/
n. a king or queen, or a person having the power to govern a country

space/spéis/
n1. an empty area that is free to be used
n2. the area outside the earth

spacious/spéiʃəs/
adj. large and with a lot of space

spam/spæ'm/
n. emails that you do not want, usually advertisements

span/spæ'n/
n. the period of time that something exists or happens
v. to continue for a particular amount of time

spare/spéər/
adj. If something is spare, it is extra and not being used.
n. an extra thing that is not being used, and that can be used instead of a part that is broken, lost, etc.
v. to give time or money to someone

spare time
time when you are not working

sparing/spé(ə)riŋ/
adj. using very little of something

special/spéʃəl/
adj1. not ordinary or usual
adj2. especially great or important, or having a quality that most similar things or people do not have
adj3. having a particular purpose

specialize/spéʃəlàiz/
v. to spend most of your time studying one subject or doing one type of business

specialty/spéʃəlti/
n1. the subject of one’s study or work, or a particular skill
n2. a product that is unusually good in a particular place

specific/spəsífik/
adj1. particular and not general
adj2. exact or containing details

specifically/spəsífik(ə)li/
adv1. for one reason, purpose, etc.
adv2. exactly or in detail

specification/spèsəfikéiʃən/
n. a detailed description of how something should be done, made, etc.

specify/spésəfài/
v. to say or describe something in an exact way

specimen/spésəmən/
n. an animal, plant, etc. used as an example of its type, especially for scientific study

spectacle/spéktəkl/
n1. an unusual or unexpected event or situation that attracts attention
n2. a large public event or show

spectacular/spektæ'kjulər/
adj. exciting and interesting because of being large or extreme

spectator/spékteitər/
n. someone who watches an event, sport, etc.

speculate/spékjulèit/
v. to guess possible answers to a question when you do not have enough information to be certain

speculation/spèkjuléiʃən/
n. guesses about something without having enough information to be certain

speculative/spékjulèitiv/
adj1. based on a guess and not on information
adj2. bought or done in order to make a profit in the future

speculator/spékjulèitər/
n. a person who buys or does something in order to make a profit in the future

speech/spí:ʧ/
n1. someone’s ability to talk, or an example of someone talking
n2. a formal talk that someone gives to a group of people

speeding/spí:diŋ/
n. the act of driving a vehicle faster than is legally allowed

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